Buddha Rice is a rare, ancient, aromatic rice variety from the Land of Buddha- Kapilvastu (currently Siddharthnagar, Uttar Pradesh). This rice variety has been under cultivation for more than 3000 years and its aroma is said to be a gift of Lord Buddha to his people in Kapilvastu. This rice if grown anywhere else loses its quality and aroma.
Popularly known as Kalanamak rice in eastern Uttar Pradesh, this rice was awarded the Geographical Indication (GI) tag by Govt. of India in 2013 to mark its limited area of origin (which is a stretch of 65 km along the Indo-Nepal border).
This rice variety has a unique black husk from which it derives its name. The rice grains are white and medium sized.

Kalanamak is traditionally grown without the use of fertilizers, herbicides or pesticides which makes it suitable for organic cultivation and results in it being more palatable and digestible. The Glycemic Index (GI), which is a relative ranking of carbohydrate in foods according to how they affect blood glucose levels, is 52 for Kalanamak, making it a Diabetes friendly rice. Foods with a low GI value (55 or less) are more slowly digested, absorbed and metabolized, causing a lower and slower rise in blood glucose.

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Rice has always been a staple food in our diet, whether it be with pulses, fried, or in kheer. Rice has been one of the first staple foods known to mankind. There are almost hundreds of varieties of rice in India alone and one of them is Kala Namak rice.

The rice also famously knows as “Buddha Rice” as it was found to be cultivated around the time of Gautam Buddha around 600 BCE. The rice was originally grown in the Terai belt of the state of Uttar Pradesh in and around the district of Siddhart Nagar, Sant Kabir Nagar, Maharaj Ganj, Basti, Gonda, Gorakhpur, and Kushinagar.

Health Benefits of Kalanamak Rice

  • The rice contains antioxidants such as anthocyanin which is useful in preventing heart disease and also helps in improving the health of the skin.
  • It is rich in Iron and Zinc which are macronutrients and prevent Vitamin Deficiency.
  • It has also been found helpful in regulating blood pressure and blood-related problems.

Interesting facts of Kalanamak rice:

While the consumption of rice is common, but very less do we know that consuming Kalanamak Rice is far more beneficial and necessary. This organic rice part from curing Alzheimer’s disease, helps in controlling blood pressure level. It keeps our heart and skin healthy. Thus, the need to consume Kalanamak Rice is important, especially in the competitive age we belong where the rat race is affecting our health. Hence, when the Government of India came up with a scheme to promote crops that have micronutrients, Kalanamak rice was topped the list because of its nutritional value and benefits.

Nutritional Properties

It is very high in protein and high in iron, calcium, and zinc.

[Low GI Index – 50.71]

Nutritional Content Raw Kalanamak
(per 100 g)*
Modern Varieties
(per 100g)**
Calcium 29.60 7.49
Iron 2.80 0.65
Protein (g) 10.49 7.94
Potassium (mg) 116.00 108
Magnesium (mg) 26.50 19.30
Zinc (mg) 1.30 1.21
Phosphorus (mg) 120.6 96

Additional information

Weight .1000 kg


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